Lead Paint in Section 8 Housing
Housing built before 1978 is likely to contain lead-based
paint, which can be a hazard to young children. The Section
8 program has lead paint regulations that apply to some housing.
The regulations focus on keeping paint in good repair and
safely maintained. Lead-based paint that is kept intact
is not a hazard. However, deteriorating paint and areas
where chips are allowed to accumulate do create a hazard.
The regs. focus on the presence of lead dust that is released
into the air and onto surfaces & soil. Dust is created
when LBP on surfaces deteriorates or is exposed by friction
contact like sliding window surfaces or released by sanding,
dry scraping, or heat guns.
What Section 8 housing is covered by the regs.?
- Pre-1978 units occupied by a family with a child under
six or pregnant mother
- Other units are exempted
What areas inspected on covered housing?
Unit interiors & exteriors, outbuildings, and common areas
(hall ways, stairwells in multi-unit complexes)
What kind of inspection is done?
- TMHA HQS inspector checks the paint surfaces visually
for signs of cracking, scaling, chipping, peeling, chalking,
or deteriorated substrate. He also checks for signs of loose
chips on floor surfaces, window troughs, exterior soil.
What happens if the paint passes this visual inspection?
- The unit is cleared for this inspection. No further action
What happens if the paint does not pass the visual?
- Owner must repair failed paint using safe work practices.
- Then, unit must be clearance tested by certified
What does a clearance test consist of?
- Tester checks the repaired paint area for signs of uncleaned
chips and dust; if present, clearance fails.
- On interior clearances, tester collects a number of dust
wipe samples from site, and submits to a testing lab. for
evidence of lead dust; if present, clearance fails.
- On exterior clearances, only visual test is done.
Who pays for the testing?
- There is no charge for TMHAs HQS inspection
- There is a charge for a clearance inspection by a certified
tester. This cost must be paid by the Owner
What are safe work practices?
Refers to repair methods used to reduce the amount and spread
of dust. This dust affects tenants and repair workers.
- Isolate interior work areas with plastic sheeting on room
doors. Cover floors and furnishings with plastic. On exteriors,
cover foundations to collect scraped chips and dust.
- Use a respirator or mask approved for lead paint work.
- Wet Sanding/Scraping. Wet the affected areas while scraping/sanding,
except electrical areas. Use wet-sanding equipment, wet/dry
abrasive paper, wet sanding sponges.
- Scrape with an infrared or coil-type heat gun with temps.
below 1,100 degrees F.
- Vacuum work areas with a HEPA-type filter-equipped vacuum
to remove dust. TMHA has a HEPA vac. to lend owners
to help with clean-up. Call to schedule use of the vac.
- Complete job by cleaning area with powdered high phosphate
detergent to remove remaining dust. Workers wash work clothes
separately, shower and wash hair to reduce dust contamination.
What can Owners do to manage the lead-based paint regs.?
- Inventory housing stock to identify units built before
1978. If not in your documents, check with the county auditor
at the Courthouse or on their website at www.co.tuscarawas.oh.us
- Assess the pre-78 units and develop a maintenance
/ renovation schedule. Some of the work that is done to
eliminate LBP hazards, such as exterior siding and replacing
windows can also increase the value of the property.
- Prior to TMHAs HQS inspection, do a walk through
to make sure that your maintenance schedule hasnt
- Go to the Useful
Links section of this website for LBP addresses for
Some lead facts:
- Most pre-1978 housing contains some LBP
- LBP is more common, and in higher concentration, in pre-1950
- LBP cannot be visually identified
- Common sites of LBP are wear areas, such as windows, interior
& exterior trim, stairs, porch decks
- Window troughs are likely to be the place that will contain
the highest concentration of LBP chips and dust
- Varnishes and stains can contain lead